Michael Iantorno PhD Candidate, Game Designer, and Writer

Sub-Versions: Investigating Videogame Hacking Practices and Subcultures

the words "sub-versions" are superimposed upon a blue and yellow pixelated background

My master’s thesis, Sub-Versions: Investigating Videogame Hacking Practices and Subcultures, has now been released through the Spectrum Research Depository. Written between 2018 and 2019 under the supervision of Dr Matt Soar, Sub-Versions was completed as part of my MA in Media Studies at Concordia University.

The abstract, citation, and full link can be found below. I’ve also written about the thesis in numerous places, perhaps most prominently on the project’s blog. Portions of Sub-Versions are currently being reworked into conference papers and publications, so expect to see it presented in more formal capacities in the future.


“Hacking” is an evocative term — one that is mired in tropes that reduce a diverse range of practices into a few stereotypically malicious activities. This thesis aims to explore one hacking practice, videogame hacking, whose practitioners make unauthorized alterations to videogames after their release. Through interviews, game analysis, and reflective writing, this thesis investigates videogame hacking subcultures of production — communities of creative labour that exist in the margins of media-making and the fringes of the law.

This thesis begins by reviewing popular media and existing accounts of computer hacker culture, primarily Steven Levy’s Hackers: Heroes of the Computer Revolution and Gabriella Coleman’s Coding Freedom, in order to contextualize videogame hacking in broader histories of computer culture. Using this analysis as a starting point, the author then proposes a reflexive methodological framework for studying videogame hacking subcultures, designed to accommodate the ephemerality of virtual communities and the apprehensions of participants.

The following two chapters refer to participant interviews to pursue two avenues of research. First, drawing upon Michel de Certeau’s writing on strategies versus tactics and Henry Jenkins chronicling of prohibitionist and collaborationist models, this study explores how intellectual property law serves as a site of tension between media companies and videogame fans. Second, the author explores the diverse motivations of videogame hackers who create works that are undistributable through commercial markets and may face the risk of legal action.


Iantorno, Michael. Sub-Versions: Investigating Videogame Hacking Practices and Subcultures. 2019. Concordia University, Master’s thesis.



Add Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

By Michael
Michael Iantorno PhD Candidate, Game Designer, and Writer